How to Find a Suitable Well Pump
If you rely on your well pump to get drinking water for your home, you’ll need to find a good replacement when the time comes. Now choosing a well pump can be a tough decision. You must be careful and select the right size and type of pump. If you already had a well pump in your home, the first thing you’ll have to do is identify the type.
There are basically three types of well pumps used in residential areas: centrifugal pump, jet pump and submersible pump. If you have a shallow well then chances are that a centrifugal pump is in use. This pump contains only a single pipe and is used to lift water not more than 25 feet. Jet pumps can be used in both shallow and deep wells.
A shallow jet pump contains a single pipe and can also lift water only up to 25 feet. However, a deep jet pump can be used to lift water to higher levels, that is, deeper than 25 feet from the ground. This is because it contains two pipes instead of one. The first pipe is used for suction whereas the other is mainly used to enhance operation of the pump. The large jet pumps can be used to pump water up to 50 feet.
Submersible well pumps are the ones most commonly used in residential areas. They can be used to pump water in both shallow and deep wells. The smaller submersible pump, which costs less money, can fit on a smaller well. The submersible pumps usually contain a single pipe that is connected to a pressure tank. The good thing about this pump is that it will only lift water when needed. It is installed close to the bottom of the well.
When replacing your pump, you need to know the size of the existing well pump. There are models that offer more horsepower and they are known to last longer and run less often. However, you need to be very careful when selecting the power of your well pump and avoid having too much power.
Also consider the depth of the well when choosing a suitable pump. If the lift capacity is quite high then you can use a 4 inch submersible pump. A shallow well jet pump is ideal for depths below 25 feet. In order to determine the well’s depth to the water, look at the driller’s well report. It should be clearly stated in this document.
It is also important to know how much water your home needs before selecting a well pump. Consider the amount of water you’ll need for the showers, appliances like dishwashers and outdoor irrigation needs. A regular home with three to four bedrooms will only require 8 to 12 gallons of water per minute. In case you still find it hard to purchase a new well pump, seek expert advice. Look for a contractor who specializes in well pumps and ask them for suitable recommendations.
Posted By: KCW Water Well http://kcwwaterwell.com